I don't recall seeing a easy to understand list of landscape painting guidelines here, how about we make a thread listing & discussing them?
We can even post examples or sketches.
These are some that I try to remember & use ...
Avoid centered horizon line - divides painting in half visually
Avoid centering major or strong objects
Avoid cloned or repeated shapes & spacing
You need to have darks to show the light.
Straight black tends to suck the life out of a painting - use a very clean dark mix of purple/blue/burnt sienna to make a near black and avoid a dead black.
Or tint your black with one of those colors to warm or cool it.
Color harmony - color wheel -
many to choose from-
reds compliment greens
blues compliments oranges
yellows compliments purples
If a main color is too bright or too strong - - adding some of the compliment color will dull it down
To show distance - less detail, softer muted tones , blues, grays purples
Foreground - stronger colors, more detail, more contrast
feel free to add more
painting perspective in landscapes
(posting a list of search results)
Hi Joy. Thank you for posting the website for painting + perspective. And the above info. It will be very helpful. There are I'm sure lots of beginner painters that would grateful for any information or websites to look up.
Create a smooth visual path leading into and through the painting.
Avoid hard lines or strong objects leading out of the painting.
I recently bought a book recommended by Stu called Light and Color by James Gurney. Excellent value
Hi Joy, Wow what a great help you info has been. Just not enough hours in a day to do all the things I want to do, including painting. Cheers Maria
First establish composition and design (using mini pencil sketches, followed by notan and then limited value studies)
Second, establish focal points. Edges are sharpest where the eye focuses, every other edge loses sharpness (to avoid photo-like look in paintings copied from photographs)
Wider value range and where the darkest values are,
more texture (in light areas, darks should have little or none),
As space recedes, values get lighter and the range narrows.
Contrast/detail/color/texture is lost and come closer to one unified color (that of the sky).
Avoid repetition in shapes/lines of land masses.
Avoid lines leading to corners (draws the viewer out of painting)
Just what I can remember off the top of my head. :)
Here are 14 words to remember when you are composing a painting:
The Elements of Composition: Unity, Contrast, Dominance, Repetition, Harmony, Balance, Gradation.
The Marks we put on canvas: Line, Shape, Value, Color, Texture, Size, Direction.
The above Elements of Composition organize and relate the MARKS we put on paper or canvas.
More on this later ....
Thanks all, for all these tips!